简单分析 Activity 的启动流程(二)
这一篇主要看 ActivityManagerService 相关的流程

源码的版本

Android 27
V4 27.1.1
我都是粘的里面比较关键的源码,还希望配合源码阅读

首先简单了解下,本篇文章的过程
流程图

一、首先看一下ActivityManagerService 的 startActivity()

public final int startActivity(IApplicationThread caller, String callingPackage,
            Intent intent, String resolvedType, IBinder resultTo, String resultWho, int requestCode,
            int startFlags, ProfilerInfo profilerInfo, Bundle bOptions) {
        return startActivityAsUser(caller, callingPackage, intent, resolvedType, resultTo,
                resultWho, requestCode, startFlags, profilerInfo, bOptions,
                UserHandle.getCallingUserId());
    }

在方法中继续调用了 startActivityAsUser

public final int startActivityAsUser(IApplicationThread caller, String callingPackage,
            Intent intent, String resolvedType, IBinder resultTo, String resultWho, int requestCode,
            int startFlags, ProfilerInfo profilerInfo, Bundle bOptions, int userId) {
        enforceNotIsolatedCaller("startActivity");
        //判断用户
        userId = mUserController.handleIncomingUser(Binder.getCallingPid(), Binder.getCallingUid(),
                userId, false, ALLOW_FULL_ONLY, "startActivity", null);
        // TODO: Switch to user app stacks here.
        return mActivityStarter.startActivityMayWait(caller, -1, callingPackage, intent,
                resolvedType, null, null, resultTo, resultWho, requestCode, startFlags,
                profilerInfo, null, null, bOptions, false, userId, null, "startActivityAsUser");
    }

继续调用 ActivityStarter 的 startActivityMayWait()

int res = startActivityLocked(caller, intent, ephemeralIntent, resolvedType,
                    aInfo, rInfo, voiceSession, voiceInteractor,
                    resultTo, resultWho, requestCode, callingPid,
                    callingUid, callingPackage, realCallingPid, realCallingUid, startFlags,
                    options, ignoreTargetSecurity, componentSpecified, outRecord, inTask,
                    reason);

在看到 startActivityLocked() 的源码

mLastStartActivityResult = startActivity(caller, intent, ephemeralIntent, resolvedType,
                aInfo, rInfo, voiceSession, voiceInteractor, resultTo, resultWho, requestCode,
                callingPid, callingUid, callingPackage, realCallingPid, realCallingUid, startFlags,
                options, ignoreTargetSecurity, componentSpecified, mLastStartActivityRecord,
                inTask);

继续调用了 startActivity

 private int startActivity(IApplicationThread caller, Intent intent, Intent ephemeralIntent,
            String resolvedType, ActivityInfo aInfo, ResolveInfo rInfo,
            IVoiceInteractionSession voiceSession, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            IBinder resultTo, String resultWho, int requestCode, int callingPid, int callingUid,
            String callingPackage, int realCallingPid, int realCallingUid, int startFlags,
            ActivityOptions options, boolean ignoreTargetSecurity, boolean componentSpecified,
            ActivityRecord[] outActivity, TaskRecord inTask) {
        int err = ActivityManager.START_SUCCESS;
        // Pull the optional Ephemeral Installer-only bundle out of the options early.
        final Bundle verificationBundle
                = options != null ? options.popAppVerificationBundle() : null;

        ProcessRecord callerApp = null;
        if (caller != null) {
            callerApp = mService.getRecordForAppLocked(caller);
            if (callerApp != null) {
                callingPid = callerApp.pid;
                callingUid = callerApp.info.uid;
            } else {
                Slog.w(TAG, "Unable to find app for caller " + caller
                        + " (pid=" + callingPid + ") when starting: "
                        + intent.toString());
                err = ActivityManager.START_PERMISSION_DENIED;
            }
        }

        final int userId = aInfo != null ? UserHandle.getUserId(aInfo.applicationInfo.uid) : 0;

        if (err == ActivityManager.START_SUCCESS) {
            Slog.i(TAG, "START u" + userId + " {" + intent.toShortString(true, true, true, false)
                    + "} from uid " + callingUid);
        }

        ActivityRecord sourceRecord = null;
        ActivityRecord resultRecord = null;
        if (resultTo != null) {
            sourceRecord = mSupervisor.isInAnyStackLocked(resultTo);
            if (DEBUG_RESULTS) Slog.v(TAG_RESULTS,
                    "Will send result to " + resultTo + " " + sourceRecord);
            if (sourceRecord != null) {
                if (requestCode >= 0 && !sourceRecord.finishing) {
                    resultRecord = sourceRecord;
                }
            }
        }

        final int launchFlags = intent.getFlags();

        if ((launchFlags & Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_FORWARD_RESULT) != 0 && sourceRecord != null) {
            //处理返回值
        }
        
        //检查状态错误
        boolean abort = !mSupervisor.checkStartAnyActivityPermission(intent, aInfo, resultWho,
                requestCode, callingPid, callingUid, callingPackage, ignoreTargetSecurity, callerApp,
                resultRecord, resultStack, options);
     
        //检查权限问题

        //创建 Activity 记录
        ActivityRecord r = new ActivityRecord(mService, callerApp, callingPid, callingUid,
                callingPackage, intent, resolvedType, aInfo, mService.getGlobalConfiguration(),
                resultRecord, resultWho, requestCode, componentSpecified, voiceSession != null,
                mSupervisor, options, sourceRecord);

        final ActivityStack stack = mSupervisor.mFocusedStack;
        if (voiceSession == null && (stack.mResumedActivity == null
                || stack.mResumedActivity.info.applicationInfo.uid != callingUid)) {
            if (!mService.checkAppSwitchAllowedLocked(callingPid, callingUid,
                    realCallingPid, realCallingUid, "Activity start")) {
                PendingActivityLaunch pal =  new PendingActivityLaunch(r,
                        sourceRecord, startFlags, stack, callerApp);
                mPendingActivityLaunches.add(pal);
                ActivityOptions.abort(options);
                return ActivityManager.START_SWITCHES_CANCELED;
            }
        }        

        //处理 Pending Acticity 的启动
        doPendingActivityLaunchesLocked(false);

        return startActivity(r, sourceRecord, voiceSession, voiceInteractor, startFlags, true,
                options, inTask, outActivity);
    }

继续调用了 startActivity

 mService.mWindowManager.deferSurfaceLayout();
            result = startActivityUnchecked(r, sourceRecord, voiceSession, voiceInteractor,
                    startFlags, doResume, options, inTask, outActivity);

继续调用了 startActivityUnchecked

 private int startActivityUnchecked(final ActivityRecord r, ActivityRecord sourceRecord,
            IVoiceInteractionSession voiceSession, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            int startFlags, boolean doResume, ActivityOptions options, TaskRecord inTask,
            ActivityRecord[] outActivity) {

        //检查要启动的活动是否存在
        final ActivityStack topStack = mSupervisor.mFocusedStack;
        final ActivityRecord topFocused = topStack.topActivity();
        final ActivityRecord top = topStack.topRunningNonDelayedActivityLocked(mNotTop);
        final boolean dontStart = top != null && mStartActivity.resultTo == null
                && top.realActivity.equals(mStartActivity.realActivity)
                && top.userId == mStartActivity.userId
                && top.app != null && top.app.thread != null
                && ((mLaunchFlags & FLAG_ACTIVITY_SINGLE_TOP) != 0
                || mLaunchSingleTop || mLaunchSingleTask);
        if (dontStart) {
            // 确保我们已经正确地恢复了顶部的Activity。
            topStack.mLastPausedActivity = null;
            if (mDoResume) {
                mSupervisor.resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked();
            }
            ActivityOptions.abort(mOptions);
            if ((mStartFlags & START_FLAG_ONLY_IF_NEEDED) != 0) {
                // We don't need to start a new activity, and the client said not to do
                // anything if that is the case, so this is it!
                return START_RETURN_INTENT_TO_CALLER;
            }

            deliverNewIntent(top);

            // Don't use mStartActivity.task to show the toast. We're not starting a new activity
            // but reusing 'top'. Fields in mStartActivity may not be fully initialized.
            mSupervisor.handleNonResizableTaskIfNeeded(top.getTask(), preferredLaunchStackId,
                    preferredLaunchDisplayId, topStack.mStackId);

            return START_DELIVERED_TO_TOP;
        }

        boolean newTask = false;
        final TaskRecord taskToAffiliate = (mLaunchTaskBehind && mSourceRecord != null)
                ? mSourceRecord.getTask() : null;

        // Should this be considered a new task?
        int result = START_SUCCESS;
        if (mStartActivity.resultTo == null && mInTask == null && !mAddingToTask
                && (mLaunchFlags & FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK) != 0) {
            //创建新的栈
            newTask = true;
            result = setTaskFromReuseOrCreateNewTask(
                    taskToAffiliate, preferredLaunchStackId, topStack);
        } else if (mSourceRecord != null) {
            result = setTaskFromSourceRecord();
        } else if (mInTask != null) {
            result = setTaskFromInTask();
        } else {
            // This not being started from an existing activity, and not part of a new task...
            // just put it in the top task, though these days this case should never happen.
            setTaskToCurrentTopOrCreateNewTask();
        }
        if (result != START_SUCCESS) {
            return result;
        }

        if (mDoResume) {
            final ActivityRecord topTaskActivity =
                    mStartActivity.getTask().topRunningActivityLocked();
            if (!mTargetStack.isFocusable()
                    || (topTaskActivity != null && topTaskActivity.mTaskOverlay
                    && mStartActivity != topTaskActivity)) {
                mTargetStack.ensureActivitiesVisibleLocked(null, 0, !PRESERVE_WINDOWS);
                mWindowManager.executeAppTransition();
            } else {
                if (mTargetStack.isFocusable() && !mSupervisor.isFocusedStack(mTargetStack)) {
                    mTargetStack.moveToFront("startActivityUnchecked");
                }
                mSupervisor.resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked(mTargetStack, mStartActivity,
                        mOptions);
            }
        } else {
            mTargetStack.addRecentActivityLocked(mStartActivity);
        }
     
        return START_SUCCESS;
    }

继续调用 ActivityStackSupervisor 的 resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked

boolean resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked() {
        return resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked(null, null, null);
    }

继续调用

boolean resumeFocusedStackTopActivityLocked(
            ActivityStack targetStack, ActivityRecord target, ActivityOptions targetOptions) {

        if (!readyToResume()) {
            return false;
        }
        
        // 目标栈拥有焦点
        if (targetStack != null && isFocusedStack(targetStack)) {
            //确保恢复堆栈中的顶部活动
            return targetStack.resumeTopActivityUncheckedLocked(target, targetOptions);
        }

        //获取要启动的Activity所在栈的栈顶的处于活动状态的ActivityRecord
        final ActivityRecord r = mFocusedStack.topRunningActivityLocked();
        if (r == null || r.state != RESUMED) {
            mFocusedStack.resumeTopActivityUncheckedLocked(null, null);
        } else if (r.state == RESUMED) {
            // Kick off any lingering app transitions form the MoveTaskToFront operation.
            mFocusedStack.executeAppTransition(targetOptions);
        }

        return false;
    }

继续调用 ActivityStack.resumeTopActivityUncheckedLocked

boolean resumeTopActivityUncheckedLocked(ActivityRecord prev, ActivityOptions options) {
        if (mStackSupervisor.inResumeTopActivity) {
            return false;
        }

        boolean result = false;
        try {
            mStackSupervisor.inResumeTopActivity = true;
            result = resumeTopActivityInnerLocked(prev, options);
        } finally {
            mStackSupervisor.inResumeTopActivity = false;
        }

        return result;
    }

继续调用 resumeTopActivityInnerLocked

private boolean resumeTopActivityInnerLocked(ActivityRecord prev, ActivityOptions options) {
     ...
     mStackSupervisor.startSpecificActivityLocked(next, true, true);
     ...
     return true;
}

继续调用 startSpecificActivityLocked

void startSpecificActivityLocked(ActivityRecord r,
            boolean andResume, boolean checkConfig) {
        //获取启动Activity所在进程
        ProcessRecord app = mService.getProcessRecordLocked(r.processName,
                r.info.applicationInfo.uid, true);
        r.getStack().setLaunchTime(r);
        
        //判断进程是否已运行
        if (app != null && app.thread != null) {
            try {
                if ((r.info.flags&ActivityInfo.FLAG_MULTIPROCESS) == 0
                        || !"android".equals(r.info.packageName)) {
                    app.addPackage(r.info.packageName, r.info.applicationInfo.versionCode,
                            mService.mProcessStats);
                }
                realStartActivityLocked(r, app, andResume, checkConfig);
                return;
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                Slog.w(TAG, "Exception when starting activity "
                        + r.intent.getComponent().flattenToShortString(), e);
            }
        }

        mService.startProcessLocked(r.processName, r.info.applicationInfo, true, 0,
                "activity", r.intent.getComponent(), false, false, true);
    }

继续调用 realStartActivityLocked

final boolean realStartActivityLocked(ActivityRecord r, ProcessRecord app,
          boolean andResume, boolean checkConfig) throws RemoteException {
    app.thread.scheduleLaunchActivity(new Intent(r.intent), r.appToken,
          System.identityHashCode(r), r.info, new Configuration(mService.mConfiguration),
          new Configuration(task.mOverrideConfig), r.compat, r.launchedFromPackage,
          task.voiceInteractor, app.repProcState, r.icicle, r.persistentState, results,
          newIntents, !andResume, mService.isNextTransitionForward(), profilerInfo);
    return true;
}

继续调用了 ApplicationThread.scheduleLaunchActivity
这一片就分析到这,剩下的下一篇分析

这篇文章上次修改于 450 天前,可能其部分内容已经发生变化,如有疑问可询问作者。