简单分析 Activity 的启动流程(三)
这一篇主要看 ApplicationThread 相关的流程

源码的版本

Android 27
V4 27.1.1
我都是粘的里面比较关键的源码,还希望配合源码阅读

这是本篇的大概流程,先熟悉一下吧

流程

这一篇我们丛 ApplicationThread.scheduleLaunchActivity() 开始看起

 public final void scheduleLaunchActivity(Intent intent, IBinder token, int ident,
                ActivityInfo info, Configuration curConfig, Configuration overrideConfig,
                CompatibilityInfo compatInfo, String referrer, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
                int procState, Bundle state, PersistableBundle persistentState,
                List<ResultInfo> pendingResults, List<ReferrerIntent> pendingNewIntents,
                boolean notResumed, boolean isForward, ProfilerInfo profilerInfo) {

            updateProcessState(procState, false);

            ActivityClientRecord r = new ActivityClientRecord();
            ...
            sendMessage(H.LAUNCH_ACTIVITY, r);
        }

接着看 sendMessage 方法

private void sendMessage(int what, Object obj, int arg1, int arg2, boolean async) {
        if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(
            TAG, "SCHEDULE " + what + " " + mH.codeToString(what)
            + ": " + arg1 + " / " + obj);
        Message msg = Message.obtain();
        msg.what = what;
        msg.obj = obj;
        msg.arg1 = arg1;
        msg.arg2 = arg2;
        if (async) {
            msg.setAsynchronous(true);
        }
        mH.sendMessage(msg);
    }

在这里我们看到了它实际上是使用了 H 这个类,这个类了就是个 Handler
我们接下来找到 H 处理 LAUNCH_ACTIVITY 的代码

 case LAUNCH_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStart");
                    final ActivityClientRecord r = (ActivityClientRecord) msg.obj;

                    r.packageInfo = getPackageInfoNoCheck(
                            r.activityInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo);
                    handleLaunchActivity(r, null, "LAUNCH_ACTIVITY");
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;

继续查看 handleLaunchActivity

private void handleLaunchActivity(ActivityClientRecord r, Intent customIntent, String reason) {
        //初始化 Window
        WindowManagerGlobal.initialize();

        Activity a = performLaunchActivity(r, customIntent);

        if (a != null) {
            r.createdConfig = new Configuration(mConfiguration);
            reportSizeConfigurations(r);
            Bundle oldState = r.state;
            handleResumeActivity(r.token, false, r.isForward,
                    !r.activity.mFinished && !r.startsNotResumed, r.lastProcessedSeq, reason);

            if (!r.activity.mFinished && r.startsNotResumed) {
                performPauseActivityIfNeeded(r, reason);

                if (r.isPreHoneycomb()) {
                    r.state = oldState;
                }
            }
        } else {
            // If there was an error, for any reason, tell the activity manager to stop us.
            try {
                ActivityManager.getService()
                    .finishActivity(r.token, Activity.RESULT_CANCELED, null,
                            Activity.DONT_FINISH_TASK_WITH_ACTIVITY);
            } catch (RemoteException ex) {
                throw ex.rethrowFromSystemServer();
            }
        }
    }

上面的代码是 Activity 主要的初始化流程
我们先看 performLaunchActivity()、然后在看 handleResumeActivity()

private Activity performLaunchActivity(ActivityClientRecord r, Intent customIntent) {

        ActivityInfo aInfo = r.activityInfo;
        if (r.packageInfo == null) {
            r.packageInfo = getPackageInfo(aInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo,
                    Context.CONTEXT_INCLUDE_CODE);
        }

        // 创建ContextImpl
        ContextImpl appContext = createBaseContextForActivity(r);
        Activity activity = null;
        try {
            java.lang.ClassLoader cl = appContext.getClassLoader();
            //通过反射实例化 Activity
            activity = mInstrumentation.newActivity(
                    cl, component.getClassName(), r.intent);
            StrictMode.incrementExpectedActivityCount(activity.getClass());
            r.intent.setExtrasClassLoader(cl);
            r.intent.prepareToEnterProcess();
            if (r.state != null) {
                r.state.setClassLoader(cl);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(activity, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to instantiate activity " + component
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        try {
            //判断 Application 有没有创建如果没有就创建,里面代码可以自己简单看一下
            Application app = r.packageInfo.makeApplication(false, mInstrumentation);

            if (activity != null) {
                CharSequence title = r.activityInfo.loadLabel(appContext.getPackageManager());
                Configuration config = new Configuration(mCompatConfiguration);
                if (r.overrideConfig != null) {
                    config.updateFrom(r.overrideConfig);
                }
                if (DEBUG_CONFIGURATION) Slog.v(TAG, "Launching activity "
                        + r.activityInfo.name + " with config " + config);
                Window window = null;
                if (r.mPendingRemoveWindow != null && r.mPreserveWindow) {
                    window = r.mPendingRemoveWindow;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindow = null;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindowManager = null;
                }
                appContext.setOuterContext(activity);
                //Activity attach 里面代码可以自己看一看,各种属性设置 PhoneWindow 的声明,各种事件的监听都在里面
                activity.attach(appContext, this, getInstrumentation(), r.token,
                        r.ident, app, r.intent, r.activityInfo, title, r.parent,
                        r.embeddedID, r.lastNonConfigurationInstances, config,
                        r.referrer, r.voiceInteractor, window, r.configCallback);

                if (customIntent != null) {
                    activity.mIntent = customIntent;
                }
                r.lastNonConfigurationInstances = null;
                checkAndBlockForNetworkAccess();
                activity.mStartedActivity = false;
                int theme = r.activityInfo.getThemeResource();
                if (theme != 0) {
                    activity.setTheme(theme);
                }

                activity.mCalled = false;
                //创建 Activity
                if (r.isPersistable()) {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state, r.persistentState);
                } else {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state);
                }
                if (!activity.mCalled) {
                    throw new SuperNotCalledException(
                        "Activity " + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString() +
                        " did not call through to super.onCreate()");
                }
                r.activity = activity;
                r.stopped = true;
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    //准备 Start Activity
                    activity.performStart();
                    r.stopped = false;
                }
                //调用 Activity 的 onRestoreInstanceState
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    if (r.isPersistable()) {
                        if (r.state != null || r.persistentState != null) {
                            mInstrumentation.callActivityOnRestoreInstanceState(activity, r.state,
                                    r.persistentState);
                        }
                    } else if (r.state != null) {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnRestoreInstanceState(activity, r.state);
                    }
                }
                //调用 onPostCreate
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    activity.mCalled = false;
                    if (r.isPersistable()) {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnPostCreate(activity, r.state,
                                r.persistentState);
                    } else {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnPostCreate(activity, r.state);
                    }
                    if (!activity.mCalled) {
                        throw new SuperNotCalledException(
                            "Activity " + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString() +
                            " did not call through to super.onPostCreate()");
                    }
                }
            }
            r.paused = true;
            mActivities.put(r.token, r);
        } catch (SuperNotCalledException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Exception e) {
        }

        return activity;
    }

上述代码中有注释的相关代码,都可以跟进去查看一番,难度不是很大

我们再看一下 handleResumeActivity() 方法

final void handleResumeActivity(IBinder token,
            boolean clearHide, boolean isForward, boolean reallyResume, int seq, String reason) {
        ActivityClientRecord r = mActivities.get(token);
        if (!checkAndUpdateLifecycleSeq(seq, r, "resumeActivity")) {
            return;
        }

        unscheduleGcIdler();
        mSomeActivitiesChanged = true;

        // 里面调用了 Activity 的 onResume()
        r = performResumeActivity(token, clearHide, reason);
    }

从上面得知大部分 Activity 生命周期的方法都是 Instrumentation 来实现的
这一篇章我没有把代码贴太全,粘太全的代码太乱了,我用中文注释的地方希望都点进去看看。

最后再放一张完整的图
Activity 启动流程.jpg

这篇文章上次修改于 390 天前,可能其部分内容已经发生变化,如有疑问可询问作者。